According to some philosophers, there is no such thing as human nature. According to them, to think that humans (or other animals) have some stable 'nature' is contrary to one of the central tenets of modern evolutionary biology.

Essentialist view of Human Nature = The claim that human nature is determined by the set of necessary and sufficient properties of humanness, coupled with the claim that the properties that are part of human nature are distinctive of human beings.

Nomological view of Human Nature = The claim that human nature is the set of properties that humans tend to have due to the evolution of their species.

The nomological view does not try to identify what is distinctive or special about human beings. It simply tries to identify properties that humans exhibit that are best explained by their evolutionary (and not by their cultural) heritage.

As soon as you identify a property that you think is shared by all (and only) members of a particular species, you are sure to find another member of that species who lacks that property.

The second problem with the nomological view is that it might be over-inclusive. That is to say, it might include too many properties within the definition of human nature.

讀完:August 20, 2017 at 05:11AM|來源: