Indeed, James Lovelock resurrected the concept of Gaia to illustrate, contrary to the original myth, not a gigantic organism or compassionate deity, but rather a self-regulating system composed of a multiplicity of indivisible elements that evolve through mutual modification.

As opposed to the 'old nature', Gaia 'does not play either the role of inert object that could be appropriated or the role of higher arbiter'.

Latour challenges the bifurcation of Nature/Culture and presents the earth as a place where geological history has dangerously accelerated due to the consequences of human action.

There is a distribution of agency to everything and hence an agential privileging of nothing, since nothing can exert more power than anything else.