One of the many problems with the term smart cities is its suggestion that urban life has been dumb in the past. The engineers who designed Romes aqueducts might rightfully object. So too the surveyors who outlined New Yorks street grid or the tunnelers who dug Londons subways.
The clearest lesson is that innovation never takes hold in cities overnight. Thats been true even of the greatest leaps forward in urban technology. Steam accounted for a tiny fraction of U.S. power nearly 60 years after Watts invented his great engine. Elevators didnt give rise to tall towers until half a century after Otis gave his famous demonstration on lift safety.
Another insight  too often overlooked  is that technologys impact on urban life is both hard to predict and heavily guided by policy. Take the safety bicycle. After bursting onto the scene in the late 19th century as a great new form of personal transportation, the bike gave rise to the Good Roads Movement, which by urging better road creation ironically made it easier for cars to conquer city streets.
讀完:October 7, 2017 at 07:28PM|來源:URL