換句話說,「同意」變成了支撐國家使用強迫和壓制的基礎。反過來說,強迫和壓制,也為國家通過滲透公民社會而製造「同意」提供了必要條件。因此,「強迫」和「同意」變成了互相補充、互相支撐、你中有我、水乳交融的關係。這種由強迫和同意所共同支撐的統治方式,構成了葛蘭西理論體系中最為核心的概念「領導權」(hegemony)。 無論什麼國家、什麼政體,都很難僅僅將「強迫」作為統治的基礎,因此大多需要一個公...
First, while behavioral scientists often change behavior by changing the context, neuroscientists trigger change by acting directly on the brain. Such strategies can address behaviors that are part...
The fact that science comes in and, say, tells us that "bricks" are really mostly empty space is interesting from within the science language game, but it is utterly useless, and indeed a distracti...
Korsgaard argued that hanging everything on rational choice was a red herring, however, because humans, even for Kant, are not solely rational beings. The big difference, they argue, is sentience....
Daniel Dennett likewise acknowledges himself to be a type of behaviorist, though he offers extensive criticism of radical behaviorism and refutes Skinner's rejection of the value of intentiona...